What is PAS 220?
Published on 25 October 2008, Publicly Available Specification (PAS) 220:2008 is a standard which specifies requirements for prerequisite programmes to assist in controlling food safety risks within the manufacturing processes of international food supply chains. This PAS is intended to be used in conjunction with ISO 22000, the internationally recognized standard for food safety management systems. ISO 22000 sets out specific food safety requirements for organizations in the food chain. One such requirement is that organizations establish, implement and maintain prerequisite programmes (PRP) to assist in controlling food safety hazards. PAS 220 has been developed to be used to support management systems designed to meet the requirements specified in ISO 22000, and sets out the detailed requirements for those perquisite programmes.
Background and drivers
The drivers for the development of PAS 220 were established by four of the largest food manufacturers, Danone, Kraft, Unilever and Nestle, who are collectively known as the G4.They in partnership with the Confederation of Food and Drink Industries (CIAA) sponsored the development of the PAS. The current food safety standards market is dominated by retailer driven standards. BRC and IFS are the most common retailer private standards and it is often mandatory to be certified to BRC/IFS for suppliers of retailer branded products. Large food manufacturers of own branded products, such as the G4, prefer to use ISO 22000 because it provides a management system process approach, which enables the integration of their FSMS (food safety management system) with their other management systems. However, there were two main concerns with ISO 22000. Firstly ISO 22000 did not specify requirements for PRP which are critical to food manufacturers – PAS 220 addresses this. Secondly, the adoption of ISO 22000 has been restricted because the standard is not a GFSI (Global Food Safety Initiative) approved standard due to it not having a scheme owner (ISOs being public standards as opposed to standards such as BRC which are owned by a trade association). All major food manufacturers are part of the GFSI. The development of the PAS 220 and the fact that it has a scheme owner allows it to be submitted to the GFSI for benchmarking and subsequent approval. This development we expect will increase the value of ISO 22000 and PAS 220 in the food manufacturing industry driving certification globally to an internationally recognized standard.
PAS 220:2008 specifies requirements for establishing, implementing and maintaining prerequisite programmes (PRP) to assist in controlling food safety hazards. It applies to all organizations, regardless of size or complexity. It also applies to all who are involved in the manufacturing step of the food chain and wish to implement PRP in such a way as to address the requirements specified in ISO 22000.
PAS 220:2008 is not designed or intended for use in other parts of the food supply chain. Food manufacturing operations are diverse and not all of the requirements specified in this PAS apply to an individual establishment or process.
PAS 220:2008 specifies detailed requirements to be considered including:
a) Construction and layout of buildings and associated utilities
b) Layout of premises, including workspace and employee facilities
c) Supplies of air, water, energy and other utilities
d) Supporting services, including waste and sewage disposal
e) Suitability of equipment and its accessibility for cleaning, maintenance and preventive maintenance
f) Management of purchased materials
g) Measures for the prevention of cross contamination
h) Cleaning and sanitizing
i) Pest control
j) Personnel hygiene.
It also adds other aspects that are considered relevant to manufacturing operations:
ii) Product recall procedures
iv) Product information and consumer awareness
v) Food defence, biovigilance and bioterrorism.